jfa journal ICFSR-2019

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KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES GOVERNING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NASOGASTRIC TUBE FEEDING AS A TEMPORARY UNDERNUTRITION MANAGEMENT MEASURE IN ACUTE GERIATRIC CARE: A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH-BASED ANALYSIS

E. Fercot, L. Marty, C. Bouteloup, Y. Lepley, J. Bohatier, M. Bonnefoy, B. Lesourd, Y. Boirie, S. Dadet

J Aging Res Clin Practice 2018;7:115-122

Introduction: Nasogastric tube feeding appears underused in acute geriatric care units. The objective of this study was to identify the knowledge, practice, fears or behaviors of care givers governing implementation. Material and Methods: Multicentric qualitative research study based on interviews with geriatricians and care staff. Coding of patterns and thematic analysis of the data were used to extract key concepts tied to the objective. Results: Ten geriatricians and eleven care staff were interviewed individually and in a focus-group setting. Undernutrition was perceived as a prognosis-worsening comorbidity, not a disease. Early screening for undernutrition appeared essential, but care management and monitoring was within the remit of downstream structures. A handful of indications are reported to justify moves to start nasogastric tube feeding, often as part of adjuvant care, when real benefit is expected, when the individualized feeding plan is part of a comprehensive care plan, with the patient consciously involved and after consulting with the family. Patients' fear of complications, cognitive disorders, and uncertain life expectancy often fuel concerns of a form of unreasonable obstinacy. Finally, doctors and care staff alike think that decisions on nasogastric intubation in this patient population require a multidisciplinary-team process. Conclusion: Nasogastric tube feeding in acute geriatric care remains fraught with issues. It looks a viable option, but should be part of a comprehensive care plan, based on multidisciplinary decision-making by appropriately-trained teams, where the goals of care are the patient's comfort and quality of life.

CITATION:
E. Fercot ; L. Marty ; C. Bouteloup ; Y. Lepley ; J. Bohatier ; M. Bonnefoy ; B. Lesourd ; Y. Boirie ; S. Dadet (2018): Knowledge and practices governing the implementation of nasogastric tube feeding as a temporary undernutrition management measure in acute geriatric care: a qualitative research-based analysis . The Journal of Aging Research and Clinical Practice (JARCP). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jarcp.2018.20

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