POOR BODY COMPOSITION IN PATIENTS WITH MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT COMPARED TO HEALTHY OLDER CONTROLS
J. Willers, A. Hahn, T. Köbe, S. Gellert, V. Witte, V. Tesky, J. Pantel, A. Flöel, J.P. Schuchardt
J Aging Res Clin Practice 2018;7:37-41
In this cross-sectional study, body composition of fifty-eight mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients (single and multiple domain) and fifty healthy older control subjects by the use of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) was assessed. Measurements were: height, weight, body mass index, BIA: phase angle (PA), total body water (TBW), lean body mass (LBM), body cell mass (BCM), extracellular mass (ECM), body fat mass (BFM), apolipoprotein E4, and physical activity level. Compared to BIA reference values and healthy subjects, MCI patients had significant differences in PA (only female), BCM and ECM/BCM index. Differences were more pronounced in females compared to males. The low levels of BCM and PA suggest that MCI patients, especially of female sex, have a poor nutritional status. BIA-derived PA might be a suitable indicator, that could enhance evaluation of nutritional status in patients with cognitive decline.
J. Willers ; A. Hahn ; T. Köbe ; S. Gellert ; V. Witte ; V. Tesky ; J. Pantel ; A. Flöel ; J.P. Schuchardt (2018): Poor body composition in patients with mild cognitive impairment compared to healthy older controls. The Journal of Aging Research and Clinical Practice (JARCP). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jarcp.2018.8