ACCURACY OF 24-HR FOOD-REGISTRY METHOD IN ELDERLY SUBJECTS: ROLE OF A SURROGATE RESPONDENT
J. Pardío, P. Arroyo, A. Loría, S. Torres-Castro, M. Agudelo-Botero, B.L. Jiménez Herrera, A.T. Serrano Miranda
J Aging Res Clin Practice 2016;5(4):217-219
Importance: There are problems in the dietary assessment of elders due to the aging process. Objective: To assess the comparativity of dietary diversity reported by an elder with that reported independently by his/her Caregiver. Design: Comparison of foods consumed by elder in the previous 24-h reported by elder and caregiver. Outcome variable: % of foods reported and unreported by either. Setting: A Housing Development Unit, and a Geriatric Rehabilitation Clinic. Participants: 26 elders of 65-94 years of age, plus 26 caregivers. Results: The %foods unreported was more than double in elders than in caregiver (37% vs 17%). Regression models using sociodemographic variables of elders and caregivers as predictor variables showed only one significant variable [Caregiver cooked for the elder] associated with %unreported by caregiver and with %reported by either. No association with age, sex, being next-of-kin, schooling, cognitive level or setting was observed. Conclusion: The use of surrogates in dietary evaluation of elders should be carried out using the person in charge of preparing foods for the elder.
J. Pardío ; P. Arroyo ; A. Loría ; S. Torres-Castro ; M. Agudelo-Botero ; B.L. Jiménez Herrera ; A.T. Serrano Miranda (2016): Accuracy of 24-Hr food-registry method in elderly subjects: role of a surrogate respondent. The Journal of Aging Research and Clinical Practice (JARCP). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jarcp.2016.112